Chifeng Municipality Overview
Chifeng got its current name for a red stone hill in the northeast part of the city. Covering an area of 90 thousand square meters, Chifeng governs 3 districts, 2 counties and 7 banners, including Hongshan District, Yuanbaoshan District, Songshan District, Ningcheng County, Linxi County, Aluke’erqin Banner, Balin Left Banner, Keshiketeng Banner, Kelaqin Banner, Aohan Banner and Balin Right Banner. With a total population of over 5 million, Chifeng has 30 ethnic groups, such as the Mongols, Han, Manchu and Huis. Abundant in all kinds of tourism resources, Chifeng enjoys a long history and is rich in historical sites and relics. It is also the cradle of world-renowned Hongshan Culture and Qidan Liao Culture.
History: In Neolithic Age, the Inner Mongolian ancestors created brilliant Hongshan Culture in this area. Abundant archeological discoveries testify that, as might be proved of locations in Central China, Chifeng is also a vital headstream of Chinese civilization. It was one the political, economical and military center of the Liao Dynasty (916-1125) by the Kitanyes. Chifeng was named after the red peak northeast of the city proper.
Physical Features: At the juncture of southeast section of the Great Xing'an Mountains (Daxing'anling), Inner Mongolian Plateau, the west Liaohe River Plain and the north foot of the Yanshan Mountains, Chifeng has a mountainous and hilly landform. Medium and low mountains as well as hills occupy the majority of Chifeng's territory, and the city is surrounded by mountains in the north, the west and the south.
Climatic Features: Chifeng enjoys a semi-dry continental monsoon climate. Spring is dry and windy. Summer is short and the rainfall mainly focuses during this period. The average temperature in this season maintains between around 18-23℃ (64-73℉). Winter is long and chilly. The extremely low temperature usually appears during January and February. The best time to Chifeng begins from June to September.
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