Information about provinces, cities, counties,towns in China
Set Homepage
Add Favorite
Sign in || Sign Up

where are you now? Your Guide to > Suzhou Municipality>Jiangsu Province;

Suzhou Municipality, A prefecture-level city under Jiangsu Province, In Chinese [苏州市]

Suzhou History

7/12/2011 11:47:00 AM    【Big Medium Small】 【Print】    Visitors:1386

History

History of Suzhou was  recorded in 150 volumes, begun by the scholar Fan Wenzheng in the Song dynasty. It was constantly updated and added to, and the last edition was published in1824, with an addendum written in1882 recording the events of the Tai-ping Rebellion, when during the worst fighting three-quarters of the city was destroyed and 70 per cent of the inhabitants were killed.

The beginnings of Suzhou go back to500 BC and the Warring States period when He Lu the Prince of Wu, by then a powerful state, ordered his prime minister to build him a capital city. Suzhou was designed on a grand scale with gates and walls. The town grew steadily and thrived for a few hundred years, although apparently fell prey to bandits and robbers and it -was removed for awhile to another site during the early part of the sixth century.

However, during the Sui and Tang dynasties it saw a tremendous growth in wealth and reputation, and it was at this time that the phrase ‘Above is Heaven, below are Suzhou and Hangzhou’ was coined. The main source of its wealth was silk production. The city expanded and there is still a stele in Suzhou with a plan of the city during the Song dynasty.During the Ming dynasty the city was more important than Shanghai. During the Song it had been known as Pingjiangfu, and in the Ming dynasty the name Suzhou was restored to it; the city walls have now been demolished, but during the Ming they were strengthened. In the early seventeenth century an uprising was staged by silk workers against their employers.

Throughout its history Suzhou has been renowned as a cultural centre; it had an extraordinary success rate in the imperial examinations, and ex-luminaries of the court would retire here to commune with nature and each other. Bai Juyi, the famous Tang dynasty poet, lived here, and during the Ming dynasty the Wu School of Painters were the most admired in the land. It was a stronghold of the Taiping Rebellion in the mid-nineteenth century. Although Suzhou was never a con-cession city, several missionaries made their homes here, setting up schools and so on.


PREVHangzhou History NextLuoyang Overview

China City Maps City Guide to Harbin City Guide to Changchun City Guide to Beijing City Guide to Hohhot City Guide to Datong City Guide to Dalian City Guide to Qingdao City Guide to Lanzhou City Guide to Nanjing City Guide to Jinan City City Guide to Nanning City Guide to Guilin City Guide to Fuzhou City Guide to Guangzhou City Guide to Kunming City Guide to Haikou City City Guide to Hefei City City Guide to Chongqing City Guide to Chengdu City Guide to Lhasa City Guide to Guiyang City Guide to Changsha City Guide to Nanchang City Guide to Hong Kong City Guide to Macao City Guide to Hangzhou City Guide to Wuhan City City Guide to Zhuhai City Guide to Sanya City Guide to Shenzhen City Guide to Xiamen City City Guide to Taipei City City Guide to Shanghai City City Guide to Xian City Guide to Xining City Guide to Yinchuan City Guide to Zhenzhou City Guide to Qufu City Guide to Taiyuan City Guide to Shijiazhuang City Guide to Tianjin City City Guide to Qinhuangdao City Guide to Shenyang City Guide to Yangzhou City Guide to Wuxi City City Guide to Suzhou City Guide to Urumqi

Directory

China Government Directory
China Manufacturers Directories
China Banks Directory
China Sports Facilities Directory
China Hospitals Directory
China Recreation Directory

Guide

China Railway Guide
China Airport Guide
China Tour Guide
China Hotel Guide
China Restaurant Guide
China Shopping Guide

Searching and Locating

IP Locator
Citizen ID Number Locator
Mob/Fix Phone No. Locator
Zip Number Locator
Area Searching
Street Searching

Hot Cities

Shanghai City
Beijing City
Guangzhou City
Shenzhen City
Hangzhou City
Yiwu City

A B C D E F G H J K L M N O P Q R S T U W X Y Z
Home| Privacy Policy| Agreement| Contact| About Us | Sitemap
2010 cfguide.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Last updated on Jul. 24,2013 . (Jan. 22)