Subdivisions and Economy of Tianjin
Tianjin is divided into 18 county-level divisions, including 15 districts and 3 counties.
Six of the districts govern the urban area of Tianjin: Heping District, Hexi District,Hebei District Nankai District ,Hedong District and Hongqiao District.
Three of the districts govern towns and harbours along the seacoast: Tanggu District, Hangu District and Dagang District.
Four of the districts govern satellite towns and rural areas close to the urban center: Jinnan District, Dongli District, Xiqing District and Beichen District .
Two of the districts as well as the three counties govern towns and rural areas further away from the urban center: Baodi District, Wuqing District, Ji County, Jinghai County and Ninghe County.
In addition, the Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Area (TEDA) is not a formal level of administration, but nevertheless enjoys rights similar to a regular district.
These districts and counties are further subdivided, as of December 31, 2004, into 240 township-level divisions, including 120 towns, 18 townships, 2 ethnic townships and 100 subdistricts.
Farmland takes up about 40% of Tianjin Municipality’s total area. Wheat, rice, and maize are the most important crops. Fishing is important along the coast. Tianjin is also an important industrial base. Major industries include petrochemical industries, textiles, car manufacturing, mechanical industries, and metalworking.
Tianjin Municipality also has deposits of about 1 billion tonnes of petroleum, with Dagang District containing important oilfields. Salt production is also important, with Changlu Yanqu being one of China’s most important salt production areas. Geothermal energy is another resource of Tianjin. Deposits of manganese and boron under Tianjin were the first to be found in China.
EADS Airbus will be opening an assembly plant for its A320 series airliners, to be operational in 2009. AVIC I and AVIC II will be EADS’ local partners for the site, to which subassemblies will be sent from plants around the world.
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