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Your Guide to China>Hainan Province , [Chinese: 海南省, Pinyin:Hǎi Nán Shěng]

Hainan Overview

A South China Province in South China Sea consisting of many islands. The main body of the province, Hainan Island, is the second largest island in China. facing Guangdong province to its north.
Capital City: Haikou
GDP in 2011: 251.529 billion yuan, ranked No.28 in Mainland China .
Per Capita GDP in 2011: 29012 yuan, ranked No.21 in Mainland China .
Population in 2011: 8.67 million persons, ranked No.28 .
Area: 34,000 square kilometers
Post Code: 570000
Calling Code: 0898

The Location of Hainan in China




Map of Hainan Province
The Sketch Map of Hainan Province



History
Hainan first enters written Chinese history in 110 BC, when the Han Dynasty established a military garrison there. Settlement by mainlanders was slow however and from early on the island was considered to be fit only for exiles. It was in this period that the Li people arrived from Guangxi Province and displaced the island’s aboriginal Austronesian-speaking peoples.
Under the Song Dynasty, Hainan came under the control of Guangxi Province, and for the first time large numbers of Han Chinese arrived, settling mostly in the north. Under the Yuan Dynasty , it became an independent province, but was placed under Guangdong Province during the Ming Dynasty in 1370. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, large numbers of Han from Fujian and Guangdong began migrating to Hainan, pushing the Li into the highlands in the southern half of the island. In the eighteenth century, the Li rebelled against the government, which responded by bringing in mercenaries from the Miao people regions of Guizhou Province. Many of the Miao settled on the island and their descendants live in the western highlands to this day.
Hainan was occupied by the Japanese in 1939 – 45, after which it reverted back to China. In 1988, Hainan became a separate province again and was designated a Special Economic Zone by the central government in an effort to increase investment.

More Articles ...
Administrative divisions of Hainan
Geography and Climate of Hainan
Economy and Ethnic group of Hainan
Cluture and Tourism of Hainan

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Cities and Counties in Hainan Listed Alphabetically

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