Information about provinces, cities, counties,towns in China
Set Homepage
Add Favorite
Sign in || Sign Up

Your Guide to China>Hunan Province , [Chinese: 湖南省, Pinyin:Hú Nán Shěng]

Hunan Overview

A Province in Central Chn., Bordered by Chongqing, Guizhou on its west; Guangxi, Guangdong on its south; Jiangxi on its east; Hubei on its north; Totally 6 neighbouring provincial regions.
Capital City: Changsha
GDP in 2011: 1963.519 billion yuan, ranked No.9 in Mainland China .
Per Capita GDP in 2011: 29893 yuan, ranked No.20 in Mainland China .
Population in 2011: 65.68 million persons, ranked No.7 .
Area: 210,000 square kilometers
Post Code: 410000
Calling Code: 0731

The Location of Hunan in China




Map of Hunan Province
The Sketch Map of Hunan Province



History
Hunan entered the written history of China around 350 BC, when under the kings of the Zhou dynasty it became part of the State of Chu. Until then Hunan was a land of primeval forests, occupied by the ancestors of the modern Miao, Tujia, Dong and Yao peoples, but starting at this time and for hundreds of years thereafter it was a magnet for migration of Han Chinese from the north, who cleared most of the forests and began farming rice in the valleys and plains. To this day, many of the small villages in Hunan are named after the Han families which originally settled there. Migration from the north was especially prevalent during the Eastern Jin Dynasty and the Southern and Northern Dynasties Periods.
Hunan was, together with Hubei, a part of the province of Huguang till the Qing dynasty. Until the reign of Kangxi, Hubei and Hunan formed one province in 1664.
The Taiping Rebellion which began to the south in Guangxi Province in 1850 spread into Hunan and then further eastward along the Yangtze River valley, but ultimately it was a Hunanese army under Zeng Guofan which marched to Nanjing and put down the uprising in 1864.
Hunan was relatively quiet until 1910 when there were uprisings against the crumbling Qing dynasty, which were followed by the Autumn Harvest Uprising of 1927 led, which established a short-lived Hunan soviet in 1927. The Chinese Communist Party maintained a guerilla army in the mountains along the Hunan-Jiangxi border until 1934. Hunan was also the scene of bitter fighting during the Sino-Japanese War (1937 – 45).

More Articles ...
Geography and climate of Hunan
Administrative divisions of Hunan
Economy,Ethnic group,culture and Tourism of Hunan

Sign in or Sign up to write a post about this topic Reviews and Messages Posted by Visitors



Cities and Counties in Hunan Listed Alphabetically

 A  B  C  D  F  G  H  J  L  M  N  P  Q  R  S  T  W  X  Y  Z 

Directory

China Government Directory
China Manufacturers Directories
China Banks Directory
China Sports Facilities Directory
China Hospitals Directory
China Recreation Directory

Guide

China Railway Guide
China Airport Guide
China Tour Guide
China Hotel Guide
China Restaurant Guide
China Shopping Guide

Searching and Locating

IP Locator
Citizen ID Number Locator
Mob/Fix Phone No. Locator
Zip Number Locator
Area Searching
Street Searching

Hot Cities

Shanghai City
Beijing City
Guangzhou City
Shenzhen City
Hangzhou City
Yiwu City

A B C D E F G H J K L M N O P Q R S T U W X Y Z
Home| Privacy Policy| Agreement| Contact| About Us | Sitemap
2010 cfguide.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Last updated on Jul. 24,2013 . (Jan. 22)