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Your Guide to China>Shaanxi Province , [Chinese: 陕西省, Pinyin:Shǎn Xī Shěng]

Shaanxi Overview

A Province in N.W. China, Bordered by Ningxia, Gansu on its west; Sichuan, Chongqing on its south; Hubei, Henan, Shanxi on its east; Inner Mongolia on its north; Totally 8 neighbouring provincial regions.
Capital City: Xi′an
GDP in 2011: 1239.13 billion yuan, ranked No.17 in Mainland China .
Per Capita GDP in 2011: 33197 yuan, ranked No.15 in Mainland China .
Population in 2011: 37.33 million persons, ranked No.16 .
Area: 210,000 square kilometers
Post Code: 710000
Calling Code: 029

The Location of Shaanxi in China




Map of Shaanxi Province
The Sketch Map of Shaanxi Province



Shaanxi is a north-westernl province of the People’s Republic of China, which has an area of 75,600 sq mi (195,800 sq km). It includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains across the southern part of the province.
By regular Hanyu Pinyin rules, both Shaanxi and the neighboring province of Shanxi should be spelled "Shanxi" .To make the difference clear without tonal marks, the spelling "Shaanxi" was contrived (following the romanization system of Yuen Ren Chao) for the province of Shǎnxī, while "Shanxi" is used for the province of Shānxī.
Geography and climate
From north to south Shaanxi has four main regions—the loess plateau, fertile but dry; the Wei River valley, rich agriculturally and the center of population; the Qinling divide, the highest range of the province; and the upper Han River valley.
The northern part of Shaanxi is cold in the winter and very hot in summer with dry winter and spring. Its southern portion generally receives more rain. Annual mean temperature is roughly between 9°C and 16°C (48 and 61℉)with January temperature ranging from −11°C to 3.5°C (12 to 38℉)and July temperature ranging from 21°C to 28°C(70 to 82℉).

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History and Economy of Shaanxi

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