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Your Guide to China>Sichuan Province , [Chinese: 四川省, Pinyin:Sì Chuān Shěng]

Sichuan Overview

A Province in S.W. China, Bordered by Tibet on its west; Yunnan, Guizhou on its south; Chongqing on its east; Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai on its north; Totally 7 neighbouring provincial regions.
Capital City: Chengdu
GDP in 2011: 2102.67 billion yuan, ranked No.8 in Mainland China .
Per Capita GDP in 2011: 26147 yuan, ranked No.24 in Mainland China .
Population in 2011: 80.42 million persons, ranked No.4 .
Area: 490,000 square kilometers
Post Code: 610000
Calling Code: 028

The Location of Sichuan in China




Map of Sichuan Province
The Sketch Map of Sichuan Province



History
The territory of the province and its vicinity were the cradle of unique local civilizations, which can be dated back to at least the fifteenth century BC (i.e. the later years of Shang Dynasty). Beginning from the ninth century BC, Shu (today Chengdu) and Ba (today Chongqing City) emerged as cultural and administrative centers where two rival kingdoms were established.
Shu’s existence was unknown until an archaeological discovery in 1986 at a small village named Sanxingdui in Guanghan County. It is believed to be an ancient city of the Shu Kingdom, where excavations have yielded invaluable archaeological information.
Although the Qin Dynasty happened to destroy the civilizations of Shu and Ba, their cultures were preserved and inherited by people in Sichuan until today. The Qin government accelerated the technological and agricultural advancements of Sichuan making it comparable to that of the Huang He (Yellow River) Valley. The Dujiangyan Irrigation System, built in the 3rd century BC under the inspection of Li Bing, was the symbol of modernization of that period.
Various ores were abundant. Adding to its significance, the area was also on the trade route from Huang He Valley to foreign countries of the southwest, especially India.
Military importance matches the commercial and agricultural values. As the area is actually a basin and is surrounded by the Himalayas to the west, the Qinling Range to the north and mountainous areas of Yunnan to the south, its climate is often heavily foggy. Since the Yangtze flows through the basin and thus is upstream to areas of eastern China, navies could be easily sailed downstream. Therefore the area was bases of numerous ambitious militarians and refuges of Chinese governments throughout history.
Sichuan’s borders have remained relatively constant for the past 500 years. This changed in 1997 when the city of Chongqing as well as the surrounding towns of Fuling and Wanxian was formed into the new Chongqing Municipality.

More Articles ...
Geography , climate and Administrative Subdivisions of Sichuan
Economy of Sichuan
Culture of Sichuan
Ethnic group and Tourism of Sichuan

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